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Dependency Grammar

abbreviation(s): DG
definition: Dependency Grammar" stands for a collection of approaches to natural language grammar sharing the following fundamental characteristics: The distinction between heads and dependents; the immediate modification of a head by a dependent (i.e. without intervening nonterminals like in phrase-structure grammar); and, the naming of the relation between a head and a dependent. Approaches can be differentiated mainly according to whether they consider grammatical or semantic relations (e.g. "subject" vs. "Actor"), and whether the grammar describes tree-structures or graphs.
See also the corresponding HLT Survey chapter: http://www.lt-world.org/hlt_survey/ltw-chapter3-3.pdf
related publication(s):

Dependency Syntax: Theory and Practice.
Melcuk, Igor A. SUNY Press. Albany NY. 1988.

A Functional Approach to Syntax In Generative Description of Language.
Petr Sgall and Nebesky, Ladislav and Goralicova, Alla and Hajicova, Eva