- CoGenTex, Inc.
- Ben Gurion University
- Language Technology Lab (LT Lab)
- Columbia University
- Microsoft Corporation
- Information Technology Research Institute (ITRI)
- Macquarie University
- A Reference Architecture for Generation Systems (RAGS)
- Hebrew Unification Grammar for Generationn of text (HUGG)
- Dynamic Document Delivery (DDD)
- The LKB system (LKB)
- Flexible Empiricist/Rationalist Generation Using Syntax (FERGUS)
- Chart Explainer
Generation of a syntactically well-formed natural language utterance from a given representation of its meaning, typically guided by a grammar that encodes the relevant syntactic and semantic constraints.