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Text-to-Speech Synthesis

An Introduction to Text-to-Speech Synthesis.
Thierry Dutoit.
Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht. 1997.

Progress in Speech Synthesis.
Jan van Santen and Richard W. Sproat and Joseph Olive and Julia Hirschberg.
Springer Verlag. New York. 1996.

Automatically clustering similar units for unit selection in speech synthesis.
Alan W. Black and Paul Taylor.
Proceedings Eurospeech, Rhodes, Greece.1997. 601--604.

Optimising selection of units from speech databases for concatenative synthesis.
Alan W. Black and Nick Campbell.
Proceedings Eurospeech, Madrid, Spain. 1995. 581--584.

  • Tokuda
  • Nick Campbell
  • Alan W. Black
  • Thierry Dutoit
  • Bernd Möbius
  • Gérard Bailly
  • Jan van Santen

  • HMM-based Speech Synthesis System (HTS)
  • Modular Architecture For Research On Speech Synthesis (MARY)
  • Festvox
  • The Festival Speech Synthesis System (Festival)

  • SVOX Embedded TTS
  • Speechify
  • Elan TTS
  • rVoice
  • Natural Voices
  • Speech Synthesis Markup Language (SSML)

The generation of synthetic speech from text. Typically, a text-to-speech synthesis system performs a text analysis using natural language processing techniques; determines the appropriate phonetic string and prosodic features; and generates a speech signal by employing a concatenative or rule-based synthesis method.