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Human Aided Machine Translation

An Introduction to Machine Translation.
W.J. Hutchins and H. Somers.
Academic Press. 1992.

Readings in Machine Translation.
Somers, Harold and Nirenburg, Sergei and Wilks, Yorick.
MIT Press. Amsterdam. 2002.

We call Human-aided Machine Translation all systems and techniques which rely on real automation of the translation function when porting a text from one language to another. As opposed to full Machine Translation, human-aided MT does not fully rely on computational translation, but assists this process by pre-editing and post-editing steps, possibly also interactive human intervention to steer or select from alternative translations. Translation of real-time spoken language, by contrast, does not allow for human intervention, except for negotiation functions, such as clarification dialogues.