- Document planning - the subdivision of information onto clause-sized chunks and the semantic and rhetorical structuring for presenting that information;
- Sentence planning - the choice of words, aggregation of information into linguistic units, and the generation of referring expressions;
- Surface generation - the realization of an actual text based on these decisions, including linearization, addition of closed class words, and morphological inflection. See also Syntactic Generation.
- Multimedia Abstract Generation for Intensive Care (MAGIC)
- A Reference Architecture for Generation Systems (RAGS)
- What You See Is What You Meant (WYSIWYM)
- German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI)
- Natural Language Technology Group (NLTG)
- Natural Language Generation Group at the Department of Computing Science, University of Aberdeen (NLG Group Aberdeen)
- Anja Belz
- Matthew Stone
- John A. Bateman
- Donia Scott
- Helmut Horacek
- Michael Elhadad
- Chris Mellish
- Tilman Becker
- Ehud Reiter
- Kathleen R. McKeown
- Cecile L. Paris
- Kees Van Deemter
- Robert Dale
- Johanna D. Moore
- Charles Callaway
- Richard Evans
- Manfred Stede
- Michael White
- Emiel Krahmer
- Mariët Theune
- Claire Gardent
- David McDonald
Building Natural Language Generation Systems.
Reiter, Ehud and Dale, Robert.
Cambridge University Press. Cambridge UK. 2000.
Planning Text for Advisory Dialogues: Capturing Intentional and Rhetorical Information.
Moore, Johanna D. and Paris, Cécile L.
Computational Linguistics Vol 19, pp. 651-694. 1993.